Qawawis al Tahta

Basic info

Area
district
Community Association
farmer

Resident

Number of Families
25
Names of Families
Makhamreh - Abu A'ram Najjar
Farmers Origin/Family
From el Qaryiteen in Beir Shevaa' (Be'er Sheva)
Refugees
non-official refugee status

Spatial/Building

Land Ownership
private
Planning
No plan
Structure Type
  • tent
  • concrete

Infrastructure/Services

Access to Community
  • pedestrian
  • private vehicle
Access to Community - details
The community also uses animals as transportation
Water Access - details
Each family has its own cistern but the water from the cisterns are insufficient and they must also buys water tanks.
Electric Connection
Electric Connection - details
Solar panels provided by Comet-ME
Health Care
  • clinic in neighboring community
  • clinic in distant town/village
Health Care - details
There is a partially-functioning clinic in Shea'b al Butum. The nearest full-time clinic is in Yatta and the nearest hospital is in Hebron.
Location of Services
Yatta

Education

Kindergarten
No
Location of School #1
Qwiweis
general description [school #1]
  • boys
  • girls
  • Primary school
Distances to schools [school #1]
0-300 meter
Location of School #2
Al Birkeh
Time to schools [school #1]
5 - 15 minutes
general description [school #2]
  • boys
  • girls
  • Middle school
Time to schools [school #2]
16 - 30 minutes
Distances to schools [school #2]
2001 - 5000 meters
Location of School #3
Al Birkeh
Distances to schools [school #3]
2001 - 5000 meters
Location of School #4
Yatta
Time to schools [school #3]
16 - 30 minutes
Distances to schools [school #4]
more than 5001 meters
Time to schools [school #4]
31 minutes - 1 hour
Schools - details
Students join Shea'b El Butum's students by walking to road 317 in order to get to the public transportation to their schools.
Travel to school [school #1]
easy walk
Travel to school [school #2]
difficult walk
Travel to school [school #3]
difficult walk
Travel to school [school #4]
difficult walk
Accessibility to school [school #1]
2
Accessibility to school [school #2]
4
Accessibility to school [school #3]
4
Accessibility to school [school #4]
6

History

History
The community was expelled in 1948 from El Qaryitein. Their lands expand from Kseifeh to the dead sea, and include Susya. They were forcibly removed from their lands several times but have returned and continue to inhabit their historical lands.

livelihood

Seasonal Movement
partly
Seasonal Movement - details
In the past the community used to move in the winter to Qweiweis, and in the summer to the area of Al Masafer (Jinba, Al Majaz, Al Halawa) for three or four months. Today very few still go.
Community Initiatives
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Initiative in the community - details
The community was involved in the founding of the clinic in Shea'b el Butum, and in the solar panel project from Comet-Me.
Other Occupation
  • shepherding
  • temporary employment in Israel
  • daily laborer
  • employed by PA
  • unemployed
  • agriculture
Main Occupation
  • shepherding
  • agriculture
Woman's Occupation
  • taking care of the herd
  • taking care of the kids
  • housekeeping
  • teachers/kindergarten teachers
  • agriculture

Threats and obstacles

Threats and Obstacles
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  • firing zone/closed military zone
  • close to settlement
  • settler violence
Threats and Obstacles - details
Three outposts and settlements surround the community: Avigayel, Susya, and Mitzpe Yair. Parts of the area were declared closed military zones which prohibit their access to their grazing areas. The community reports violence from settlers who, according to the community, hit the herders, steal their herds, and poison their wells.
Number of Demolition Orders
15
Number of Demolitions
7
Swap Start/End

Qawawis al Tahta (1)
Qawawis al Tahta

South Hebron Hills