Nkheila

Basic info

Area
district
Community Association
bedouin

Resident

Number of Families
12
Tribe
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Ka’abneh
Sub-Tribe
Ka'abneh Furijat
Names of Families
ka'abneh
Refugees
official refugee status

Spatial/Building

Land Ownership
  • lease
  • private
  • state owned land
Land Ownership - details
Some of the lands belong to residents of Anata.
Planning
community initiative plan
Planning - details
As part of the legal protection Bimkom prepared a general plan for the communities around Abu George Road including Nkheila
Structure Type
  • EU shack
  • tent
  • tin shack
  • wood

Infrastructure/Services

Access to Community
private vehicle
Access to Community - details
Though they are located next to the main road, public transportation is forbidden from stopping in the area.
The community can be reached through the road leading to Almon settlement.
Water Access
water tank
Water Access - details
The community buys water tanks from Anata, each tank of 3.5 cubic meters of water costs 100 NIS. Access to nearby springs is denied.
Electric Connection
Electric Connection - details
Commet-ME installed solar panels in 2017
Health Care
  • clinic in distant town/village
  • mobile clinic in community
Health Care - details
A mobile clinic of UNRWA visits twice a month. For other services the community goes to the clinics in Anata and Al-Eizariya. The nearest hospitals are in Ramallah and Jericho.
Location of Services
Anata and Ramallah

Education

Kindergarten
No
Location of School #1
Anata
general description [school #1]
  • boys
  • girls
  • High School
  • Middle school
  • Primary school
Distances to schools [school #1]
1001 - 2000 meters
Time to schools [school #1]
16 - 30 minutes
Schools - details
A school bus is provided by the PA, but does not function perfectly. As buses are not allowed to stop along the main road, children must walk a long distance to the bus and so the community doens't send their girls to schools.
Travel to school [school #1]
bus
Accessibility to school [school #1]
5

History

History
The community is originally from South Hebron Hills where they own private lands. They arrived to Nkheileh in 1948 and have been moving seasonally between the two areas searching for grazing lands and water. They left South Hebron Hills as it became over-populated by fleeing communities that arrived to the area after 1948. During the early 90's the community stopped the seasonal movement and settled permanently in Nkheileh. At the time they chose this area for its grazing lands and water resources.

livelihood

Seasonal Movement
partly
Seasonal Movement - details
At times they move Nabi Musa between January and February for about 50 days, yet this does not happen every year.
Community Initiatives
no Initiatives
Other Occupation
  • herd without shepherding
  • permanent employment in Palestinian town
  • temporary employment in settlement
Main Occupation
  • herd without shepherding
  • unemployed
Woman's Occupation
  • housekeeping
  • taking care of the herd
  • taking care of the kids
General Livelihood - details
Grazing areas are severely limited by surrounding settlements and the community feeds the herds without grazing. They use some of the lands to raise barley for the herds. They own about 700 sheep and goats and sell their dairy products to clients in A-Ram and Hizme. Their herds were reduced dramatically due to the limitations on grazing.
Some members of the community used to work in settlements, but recently it is hardly possible to get working permits.

Threats and obstacles

Threats and Obstacles
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  • close to settlement
  • nature reserve
  • road
  • settler violence
  • Wastewater treatment facility
  • within settlement municipal boundary
  • within settlement plan
Threats and Obstacles - details
The community is located within the jurisdictional realm of Almon, and partly within the limits of the new plan for the connection to road no' 1.
The sewage from nearby settlements runs in the valley, causing serious environmental hazards.
Grazing areas are restricted by surrounding settlements like Kfar Adumim and Almon as well as by the nature reserve. The community reports that at times settlers throw stones and shoot towards the herds and according to the community there were instances when sheep were killed.
As the community is not allowed to build or expand, young couple leave to Anata in search of housing.
Number of Demolition Orders
14
Number of Demolitions
1
Demolitions - details
According to the community all houses in the community have received demolition orders. The only actual demolition was in 2014
Swap Start/End

Nkheila (1)
Nkheila (3)
Nkheila (4)

Jerusalem periphery, along Road 437