Khan al Ahmar Mihtawish

Basic info

Area
district
Community Association
bedouin

Resident

Number of Families
25
Tribe
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Jahalin
Sub-Tribe
Saraya'a
Names of Families
A'raa'ra (9 families) , Kurshan(6 families), Bua'ran (10 families)
Refugees
  • official refugee status
  • non-official refugee status
Refugees Details
Some are registered as refugees and some are not

Spatial/Building

Land Ownership
  • private
  • lease
  • state owned land
Land Ownership - details
The community leases the lands from its owners in Anata. Part of the community is inside the expropriation order, another part on privately owned lands. Few lands are registered state lands. The northern part of the community is located on lands slated for the construction of a road planned to connect Anatot Junction with Road No. 1, while the southern part is boxed in between the plan for the extant Road No. 1 and the plan for the new road.
Planning
community initiative plan
Planning - details
A guideline principles plan, for all communities in the Al Khan Al Ahmar area, was submitted to ICA, but was rejected.
Structure Type
  • tent
  • tin shack
  • EU shack
  • wood

Infrastructure/Services

Access to Community
  • private vehicle
  • 4X4 vehicle
Access to Community - details
A dirt road, north to road no' 1 close to the junction of Abu George Road, leads to the community.
Water Access
authorized connection
Water Access - details
Authorized connection with a meter to Israeli Mekorot Company
Electric Connection - details
The community used to have generators from Al-Islah but these were not maintained and did not function well. Nowadays Comet-ME is running a new project connecting solar panels to all houses in the community.
Health Care
clinic in distant town/village
Health Care - details
Clinics are in Anata and Al-Eizariya. A mobile clinic visits the neighboring community of Abu helw, once a month. The nearest hospital is in Jericho.
Location of Services
Anata, Al-Eizariya, Jericho

Education

Kindergarten
No
Location of School #1
Abu al Helw
general description [school #1]
  • boys
  • girls
  • Primary school
Distances to schools [school #1]
301 - 1000 meter
Location of School #2
Jericho
Time to schools [school #1]
16 - 30 minutes
general description [school #2]
  • girls
  • Middle school
  • High school
Time to schools [school #2]
31 minutes - 1 hour
Distances to schools [school #2]
more than 5001 meters
Location of School #3
Jericho
Distances to schools [school #3]
more than 5001 meters
Time to schools [school #3]
31 minutes - 1 hour
Schools - details
22 children learn at Abu Helw school.
To high school they need to walk to the main street and get public transportation which is not easy.
Travel to school [school #1]
easy walk
Travel to school [school #2]
bus
Travel to school [school #3]
bus
Accessibility to school [school #1]
4
Accessibility to school [school #2]
5
Accessibility to school [school #3]
5

History

History
Originally from Tel Arad, the community arrived to Al Mihtwish after being expelled in the 1950s. They first moved to Almasfara in east Hebron, where they owned lands , but had to leave due to lack of space for the entire community. They settled in Al Mihtwish, on private lands owned by residents of Anata.
Parts of the southern lands were expropriated in 1975, and included in the Ma’ale Adumim Outline plan. Historical analysis reveals continuous settlement here since the 70's, which became more intensive beginning in the 90's.

livelihood

Seasonal Movement
partly
Seasonal Movement - details
Some of the community continued moving for seasonal grazing lands (Izbeh) in Jaba' for a while between 1977-2003. Today very few families still go.
Community Initiatives
agriculture
Initiative in the community - details
The community used to have an agricultural project supported by Viento de Terra, which supplied vegetables for the entire community, but it no longer continues due to lack of water.
Other Occupation
  • shepherding
  • temporary employment in settlement
  • unemployed
Main Occupation
  • shepherding
  • unemployed
Woman's Occupation
  • taking care of the herd
  • taking care of the kids
  • housekeeping
General Livelihood - details
They own about 200 sheep and goats.
A few men work in settlements. Work permits are depending on the political situation. In recent years much fewer permits are given by Israel.

Threats and obstacles

Threats and Obstacles
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  • nature reserve
  • close to settlement
  • within settlement municipal boundary
  • road
Threats and Obstacles - details
The area is included within the expansion plans for Ma’ale Adumim, and parts of the land has been used for new settelments.
The area is also included partially within plans for two roads.
Grazing areas and water access are severely restricted. Access to marketing areas in Jerusalem, Wadi Qilt, Ein Farah, and Ein Fawwar has been blocked, since it was declared a natural reserve, making it impossible for the community to sell their products there.
Number of Demolition Orders
12
Number of Demolitions
9
Demolitions - details
According to the community 12 structures were demolished (three in Dec 2011, two in Sep 2013, three in April 2014, one in October 2014, one in May 2014, and two in April 2016).
Swap Start/End

Khan al Ahmar Al Mihtwish

Jerusalem periphery, along Road 1 leading from Jerusalem to Jericho