Khan al Ahmar Abu Al-Helw

Basic info

Area
district
Community Association
bedouin

Resident

Number of Families
33
Tribe
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Jahalin
Sub-Tribe
Abu Dahouk
Names of Families
Abu Dahouk
Refugees
  • non-official refugee status
  • official refugee status
Refugees Details
Expelled from the Negev -Tel Arad area in 1948.

Spatial/Building

Land Ownership
  • expropriation
  • lease
  • private
Land Ownership - details
The land is under an expropriation order from 1975.
The community has lease contracts with the landowners from Anata.
Planning
community initiative plan
Planning - details
The community submitted different versions of their own plans, but those were refused by the the ICA. The last detailed plan was submitted in the name of the owners from Anata and the community. The plan was prepared by a Palestinian engineer and submitted with the support of Bimkom, but it has been rejected by the Israeli authorities.
Structure Type
  • tent
  • tin shack
Building materials - details
wood, tin, cloth

Infrastructure/Services

Access to Community
  • 4X4 vehicle
  • pedestrian
  • private vehicle
Access to Community - details
There is access to the community through a dirt road coming from the gas station to the northeast, which can only be used with a 4X4 vehicle.
Most of the community does not have direct access and use dirt roads reaching from other communities in Khan Al-Ahmar, and pass through the drainage tunnel beneath the road.
All access depends on weather conditions.
Water Access
authorized connection
Water Access - details
Authorized connection to Mekorot, the Israeli water compant. (Filling point- regional for Khan Al-Ahmar communities)
Electric Connection - details
Solar panels were given to 25% of the community only, and they are hardly sufficient for elementary use.
The rest of the community has no electricity.
Health Care
clinic in distant town/village
Health Care - details
Clinics are in Anata and Al-Eizariya. Hospitals are in Ramallah and Jericho.
A mobile clinic visits one a month, with insufficient medicines and services.
Location of Services
Anata, Al-Eizariya, Ramallah, Jericho

Education

Kindergarten
No
Location of School #1
Abu al Helw
general description [school #1]
  • boys
  • girls
  • Middle school
  • Primary school
Distances to schools [school #1]
0-300 meter
Location of School #2
Jericho
Time to schools [school #1]
under 5 minutes
general description [school #2]
  • girls
  • High school
Time to schools [school #2]
16 - 30 minutes
Distances to schools [school #2]
more than 5001 meters
Location of School #3
Jericho
Distances to schools [school #3]
more than 5001 meters
Time to schools [school #3]
16 - 30 minutes
Schools - details
The local school was built with the help of "Vento de terra" from mud and tires. It serves all five localities of Khan Al Ahmar (about 160 students from 1st to 8th grade). Teachers come from Anata and other Bedouin communities. Their access depends on weather conditions.
The school in Abu Al Helw is the only option in the area for other communities, therefore if it will be demolished there won't be any alternative for the children.
Travel to school [school #1]
easy walk
Travel to school [school #2]
bus
Travel to school [school #3]
bus
Accessibility to school [school #1]
1
Accessibility to school [school #2]
3
Accessibility to school [school #3]
3
Accessibility to school - STAFF [school #1]
5
Accessibility to school - STAFF [school #2]
3
Accessibility to school - STAFF [school #3]
3

History

History
After being expelled from the Negev in 1948, the community came to this area and kept moving all over the lands of Anata, Al-Eizariya, and Abu Dis until they finally settled permanently in this location during the 70's.

livelihood

Seasonal Movement
partly
Seasonal Movement - details
Few families go in the winter their herds to Nabi Musa area. They also go there in the summer for the wells when they lack water.
Community Initiatives
woman employment
Initiative in the community - details
The classrooms in the school are used for teaching illiterate women as well as for other courses. Women are also involved in a new project of making and selling dolls. The school Yard is used for public events like weddings.
Other Occupation
  • daily laborer
  • shepherding
  • unemployed
Main Occupation
  • daily laborer
  • shepherding
  • unemployed
Woman's Occupation
  • housekeeping
  • taking care of the herd
  • taking care of the kids
General Livelihood - details
The community has about 500 sheep and goats

Threats and obstacles

Threats and Obstacles
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  • close to settlement
  • firing zone/closed military zone
  • nature reserve
  • road
  • separation barrier
  • settler violence
  • within settlement municipal boundary
Threats and Obstacles - details
The community is under imminent threat of eviction and relocation. Most of the grazing areas were declared as closed military areas or as nature reserves.
Number of Demolition Orders
79
Number of Demolitions
14
Demolitions - details
The community reports that they received demolition orders for all its structures, including the school. The state offered alternative lots for the community to inhabit in Jabal West, and the supreme court agreed to the demolitions. So far the demolitions did not take place, nor was the community given the lands in Jabal West.
Swap Start/End

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Jerusalem periphery, North of Road 1 leading from Jerusalem to Jericho