East Jaba' Bedouins

Basic info

Area
district
Community Association
bedouin

Resident

Number of Families
15
Tribe
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  • Ka’abneh
  • Jahalin
Sub-Tribe
Hathalin-Saraya'a, Farajat
Names of Families
Hathalin- Ma'azi, Tabaneh, A'rra'ra, Guerab, Imleihat
Refugees
  • official refugee status
  • non-official refugee status

Spatial/Building

Land Ownership
  • private
  • lease
  • state owned land
Land Ownership - details
Most of the lands are owned by Jaba' residents.
Planning
No plan
Structure Type
tin shack

Infrastructure/Services

Access to Community
  • pedestrian
  • private vehicle
  • 4X4 vehicle
Water Access
water tank
Water Access - details
The community used to fill their water from connection points in private houses in Jaba’ but due to the the accumulated debts the residents of Jaba’ decided to cut it off.
Electric Connection - details
The place is not connected to an electricity grid even though the regional electricity supply is within the community.
Some members of the community rely on solar panels which were donated to the community.The panels are in need of maintenance and the energy provided is insufficient.
Health Care
  • mobile clinic in community
  • clinic in distant town/village
Health Care - details
The nearest hospital is in Ramallah. The nearest clinic is in Jaba'.
Location of Services
Jaba'

Education

Kindergarten
yes
Kindergarten - details
A kindergarten, which women from the community were established in 2018, has been donated and the PA has committed to its continued funding.
Location of School #1
A'raa'ra Bedouins
general description [school #1]
  • boys
  • girls
  • Primary school
Distances to schools [school #1]
301 - 1000 meter
Location of School #2
Jaba'
Time to schools [school #1]
5 - 15 minutes
general description [school #2]
  • boys
  • girls
  • Primary school
Time to schools [school #2]
31 minutes - 1 hour
Distances to schools [school #2]
2001 - 5000 meters
Location of School #3
Jaba'
Distances to schools [school #3]
2001 - 5000 meters
Location of School #4
Jaba'
Time to schools [school #3]
31 minutes - 1 hour
general description [school #4]
  • boys
  • girls
  • High school
Distances to schools [school #4]
2001 - 5000 meters
Location of School #5
Mukhmas
Time to schools [school #4]
31 minutes - 1 hour
general description [school #5]
  • boys
  • girls
  • Primary school
Distances to schools [school #5]
1001 - 2000 meters
Time to schools [school #5]
16 - 30 minutes
Location of School #6
Mukhmas
general description [school #6]
  • boys
  • girls
  • Middle school
  • High school
Distances to schools [school #6]
1001 - 2000 meters
Time to schools [school #6]
16 - 30 minutes
Schools - details
Access to the schools is usually by foot. Road 60 separates the communityfrom the schools in Jaba'. The crossing of the highway is dangerous for the children and also involves climbing up a narrow steep trail.
It is difficult for women who continue their studies in universities and they usually can not complete their degree, due to accessibility. Only those who leave the village, and live elsewhere, can complete their degree.
Travel to school [school #1]
easy walk
Travel to school [school #2]
difficult walk
Travel to school [school #3]
difficult walk
Travel to school [school #4]
difficult walk
Travel to school [school #5]
easy walk
Travel to school [school #6]
easy walk
Accessibility to school [school #1]
3
Accessibility to school [school #2]
8
Accessibility to school [school #3]
8
Accessibility to school [school #4]
8
Accessibility to school [school #5]
4

History

History
The community is comprised from several families who were expelled from various areas in the Negev in 1948. The A'raa'ra family arrived directly to East Jaba', while the other families arrived during the 70's and the 80's.

livelihood

Seasonal Movement
partly
Seasonal Movement - details
Until 1999 the community used to go to the area of Nabi Musa in the winter. Today movement is no longer possible due to roads and settlements.
Community Initiatives
Unknown
Other Occupation
  • shepherding
  • herd without shepherding
  • daily laborer
Main Occupation
  • shepherding
  • herd without shepherding
  • daily laborer
Woman's Occupation
  • taking care of the herd
  • taking care of the kids
  • housekeeping
  • teachers/kindergarten teachers
General Livelihood - details
Some men work in the nearby settlements. Some were refused work permits, with Israel citing security as the reason, but no further explanation detail was provided .
Every family has a flock of 50-70 sheep which is barely sufficient to support a family of 7 members. Due to limited access to their grazing areas, there is a need to feed the herds by fodder.
The women are working mainly on marketing the milk products in Al-Jaba' and Al-Eizariya.

Threats and obstacles

Threats and Obstacles
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  • close to settlement
  • within settlement municipal boundary
  • settler violence
  • road
Threats and Obstacles - details
Road 60 separates the community from the village of Jaba' where the community gets basic services, including health and education. The crossing of the highway is dangerous for the children.
Number of Demolition Orders
34
Number of Demolitions
10
Demolitions - details
The community reports 9 Demolitions in 2015 and one self demolition in 2016.
Swap Start/End

East Jaba' Bedouins (2)
East Jaba' Bedouins (1)

Adjacent to Road 60 East of Jaba'