Al Muntar

Basic info

Area
district
Community Association
bedouin

Resident

Number of Families
35
Tribe
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Jahalin
Sub-Tribe
Saray'a
Names of Families
Hathalin
Farmers Origin/Family
Tel-Arad
Refugees
non-official refugee status

Spatial/Building

Land Ownership
  • private
  • lease
  • state owned land
Land Ownership - details
Part of the land was declared as state land.
The community is leasing the land from the private owners of Sawahera A-sharqiyya.
Planning
community initiative plan
Planning - details
Following the initiative plan submitted by the community along with Wadi Abu-Hindi, the ICA had prepared an alternative plan which does not include all the houses in the community. Those who are not included in plan have pending demolition orders.
Another initiative to legalize a small local school was denied.
Structure Type
  • tent
  • tin shack
  • EU shack
  • wood

Infrastructure/Services

Access to Community
  • private vehicle
  • 4X4 vehicle
Access to Community - details
Access is available only through a long unpaved dirt road which leads through Wadi Abu-Hindi up the hill.
Water Access - details
Independent connection to As-Sawahera A-Sharqiyya. The pipes get damaged due to the long distance and weather conditions, so not much water reaches the community and the water the do reach are hot. They therefore also buy water tanks.
Electric Connection - details
The solar panels do not provide enough electricity to support the community
Health Care
clinic in distant town/village
Health Care - details
Nearby clinics are in Al-Eizariya, Abu Dis and Sawarha. The nearest hospitals are in Jericho and Ramallah.
Location of Services
As-Sawahera

Education

Kindergarten
yes
Kindergarten - details
Was demolished a couple of times
Location of School #1
Abu Hindi
general description [school #1]
  • boys
  • girls
  • Primary school
  • Middle school
Distances to schools [school #1]
2001 - 5000 meters
Location of School #2
As-Sawahra
Time to schools [school #1]
31 minutes - 1 hour
general description [school #2]
  • boys
  • High school
Time to schools [school #2]
over 1 hour
Distances to schools [school #2]
more than 5001 meters
Schools - details
The schools are far from the community and no public transport brings the children to school, which makes it difficult especially for the young children to reach their schools.
Travel to school [school #1]
difficult walk
Travel to school [school #2]
  • bus
  • difficult walk
Accessibility to school [school #1]
7
Accessibility to school [school #2]
7

History

History
The community was expelled from Bir Esbea' (Be'er Sheva) in 1948. They arrived to this area looking for open grazing lands, and eventually settled in high and open spaces that belonged to As-Sawahera back then. They scattered due to the many flocks they had and the need to ensure sufficient distances between the families in order to afford sufficient space for each family to graze its holdings. They gave up their nomadic life in the beginning of the 70's.

livelihood

Seasonal Movement
partly
Seasonal Movement - details
Part of some families go for seasonal grazing (Izbeh) in the winter, approximately 5 kilometers to the east.
Community Initiatives
no Initiatives
Other Occupation
  • shepherding
  • herd without shepherding
  • unemployed
Main Occupation
herd without shepherding
Woman's Occupation
  • taking care of the herd
  • taking care of the kids
  • housekeeping
General Livelihood - details
The community owns about 5000 sheep and goats in total. they herd in the surrounding areas but must also rely on fodder due to the restricted grazing area. Sometimes they manage to take them about 5 km east in winter for a couple of months where they have better grazing lands.
sometimes they manage to cultivate a piece of land northern to the community for feeding the herds. High prices of fodder make depending on the herds increasingly unsustainable for the community.

Threats and obstacles

Threats and Obstacles
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  • firing zone/closed military zone
  • close to settlement
  • separation barrier
  • road
  • Dump site
Threats and Obstacles - details
The surrounding settlements, separation barrier and closed military zone severely restrict grazing areas. Most of the area was declared a closed military area by an order since the beginning of 1980's and it was renewed in 2007.
As eizure order for the planned road 'Mirkam Hayyim' aims to connect Palestinian villages which will be cut off by the barrier.
The dump site causes hazards of pollution, odors and insects, especially at night.
The sewage from Qedar settlement flows towards them, and in summer causes putrid odors and mosquitoes.
Number of Demolition Orders
59
Number of Demolitions
2
Demolitions - details
According to residents, in 1995-1997 demolition orders were given to all the locality and all structures were demolished, but the community rebuilt them. In 2011 demolition orders were issued to all the structures again. The last demolition took place in 2017.
Swap Start/End

Al Muntar (1)
Al Muntar (5)
Al Muntar (4)
Al Muntar(2)
Al Muntar(3)

Jerusalem periphery, southeast of Wadi Abu-Hindi