Bimkom has created a filter-enabled database of Mobile Pastoralist communities in Area C of the West Bank detailing each community's livelihood, structures, services, infrastructure, and planning status.
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Provides in-depth information including history and characteristics about each community.
Part of the land was declared as state land. The community is leasing the land from the private owners of Sawahera A-sharqiyya.
community initiative plan
Planning - details
Following the initiative plan submitted by the community along with Wadi Abu-Hindi, the ICA had prepared an alternative plan which does not include all the houses in the community. Those who are not included in plan have pending demolition orders. Another initiative to legalize a small local school was denied.
Access to Community
Access to Community - details
Access is available only through a long unpaved dirt road which leads through Wadi Abu-Hindi up the hill.
Water Access - details
Independent connection to As-Sawahera A-Sharqiyya. The pipes get damaged due to the long distance and weather conditions, so not much water reaches the community and the water the do reach are hot. They therefore also buy water tanks.
Electric Connection - details
The solar panels do not provide enough electricity to support the community
clinic in distant town/village
Health Care - details
Nearby clinics are in Al-Eizariya, Abu Dis and Sawarha. The nearest hospitals are in Jericho and Ramallah.
Location of Services
Kindergarten - details
Was demolished a couple of times
Location of School #1
general description [school #1]
Distances to schools [school #1]
2001 - 5000 meters
Location of School #2
Time to schools [school #1]
31 minutes - 1 hour
general description [school #2]
Time to schools [school #2]
over 1 hour
Distances to schools [school #2]
more than 5001 meters
Schools - details
The schools are far from the community and no public transport brings the children to school, which makes it difficult especially for the young children to reach their schools.
Travel to school [school #1]
Travel to school [school #2]
Accessibility to school [school #1]
Accessibility to school [school #2]
The community was expelled from Bir Esbea' (Be'er Sheva) in 1948. They arrived to this area looking for open grazing lands, and eventually settled in high and open spaces that belonged to As-Sawahera back then. They scattered due to the many flocks they had and the need to ensure sufficient distances between the families in order to afford sufficient space for each family to graze its holdings. They gave up their nomadic life in the beginning of the 70's.
Seasonal Movement - details
Part of some families go for seasonal grazing (Izbeh) in the winter, approximately 5 kilometers to the east.
herd without shepherding
herd without shepherding
taking care of the herd
taking care of the kids
General Livelihood - details
The community owns about 5000 sheep and goats in total. they herd in the surrounding areas but must also rely on fodder due to the restricted grazing area. Sometimes they manage to take them about 5 km east in winter for a couple of months where they have better grazing lands. sometimes they manage to cultivate a piece of land northern to the community for feeding the herds. High prices of fodder make depending on the herds increasingly unsustainable for the community.
Threats and obstacles
Threats and Obstacles
firing zone/closed military zone
close to settlement
Threats and Obstacles - details
The surrounding settlements, separation barrier and closed military zone severely restrict grazing areas. Most of the area was declared a closed military area by an order since the beginning of 1980's and it was renewed in 2007. As eizure order for the planned road 'Mirkam Hayyim' aims to connect Palestinian villages which will be cut off by the barrier. The dump site causes hazards of pollution, odors and insects, especially at night. The sewage from Qedar settlement flows towards them, and in summer causes putrid odors and mosquitoes.
Number of Demolition Orders
Number of Demolitions
Demolitions - details
According to residents, in 1995-1997 demolition orders were given to all the locality and all structures were demolished, but the community rebuilt them. In 2011 demolition orders were issued to all the structures again. The last demolition took place in 2017.